Assessing Thermal Performance of Mud House Using ECOTECT Analysis - A Case of Vernacular Architecture in Northern Bangladesh

Authors

  • Nafis Sadat Undergraduate Student (5th Year), Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Keywords:

Mud House, Vernacular Architecture, Thermal Performance, Passive Solar Design, Thermal Comfort

Abstract

Mud is one of the predominant vernacular building materials in rural settlements in Bangladesh, especially in the northern region because of its unique thermal performance. Mud being a very cheap, abundant, and environmentally friendly building material, is used extensively for building construction in the subcontinent. Mud as a building material has high heat capacity and low thermal conductivity which enhances the thermal stability of earthen building compared to other materials. This paper aims at analyzing the thermal performance of residential earthen buildings in northern Bangladesh and providing a basis for designing mud houses in rural Bangladesh according to environmental considerations. The resultant data from thermal simulation conducted in ‘Ecotect Analysis’ software shows that mud houses keep the indoor environment comparatively cooler than the outdoor warm environment during summer and the opposite during winter season which results in proper thermal comfort for the inhabitants.

References

. “Rural houses Banglapedia.pdf,” Banglapedia - the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh.

. S. Mishra and J. A. Usmani, “Energy conservation in mud house as compared to brick wall building in India,” Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Stud. Int. J. Adv. Engg. Res. Stud., pp. 151–156, 2014.

. “Weather Data Bagura.” https://en.climate-data.org/asia/bangladesh/rajshahi-division/bogra-4306/.

. “Weather Data Rajshahi.” https://en.climate-data.org/asia/bangladesh/rajshahi-division/rajshahi-4307/.

. A. Madhumathi, J. Vishnupriya, and S. Vignesh, “Sustainability of traditional rural mud houses in Tamilnadu, India: An analysis related to thermal comfort,” J. Multidiscip. Eng. Sci. Technol., vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 3159–3199, 2014, [Online]. Available: www.jmest.org.

. A. Das, M. Islam, M. Alam, and N. Hoque, “Housing Report: Mud House of Bangladesh,” World Hous. Encycl., p. 23, 2007, [Online]. Available: http://www.world-housing.net/WHEReports/wh100161.pdf.

. Z. Yilmaz, “Evaluation of energy efficient design strategies for different climatic zones: Comparison of thermal performance of buildings in temperate-humid and hot-dry climate,” Energy Build., vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 306–316, 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2006.08.004.

. H. Musharaff, T. Anushree, and B. Biju, “Earth homes.” https://thannal.com/150-year-old-natural-home-of-a-natural-farmer/.

. J. Gupta and M. Chakraborty, “The need for vernacular mud huts of Ranchi to adapt to the changing climate of Ranchi,” Int. J. Environ. Stud., vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 584–603, 2016, doi: 10.1080/00207233.2016.1178984.

. Naseer M.A., “Energy Efficient Building Design: Revisiting Traditional Architecture,” Asian Conf. Sustain. Energy Environ., 2013.

. A. U. P. Energy and Resources Institute, Institut Catalá d’Energia, “Sustainable Building,” in Design Manual: sustainable building design practices, volume 02, 2004.

. S. Mishra, “Thermal Performance Evaluation of Mud House for Ghaziabad Composite Climate,” vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 45–55, 2017.

Downloads

Published

2021-05-08

How to Cite

Sadat, N. . (2021). Assessing Thermal Performance of Mud House Using ECOTECT Analysis - A Case of Vernacular Architecture in Northern Bangladesh. American Academic Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 79(1), 79–87. Retrieved from https://www.asrjetsjournal.org/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/article/view/6826

Issue

Section

Articles