Professional Competence and Work Engagement: Exploring the Synergy Between Self Efficacy, Job Satisfaction and Job Commitment of Secondary School Teachers in Mbarara District

  • Godwin Tindyebwa Muhangi Mbarara University of Science and Technology, P.O Box 1410 Mbarara Uganda
Keywords: The study examined self efficacy and job satisfaction as correlates of job commitment of secondary school teachers in Mbarara District. Quantitative data were collected from all the 626 teachers in the 64 secondary schools in Mbarara District, to facilit

Abstract

The study examined self efficacy and job satisfaction as correlates of job commitment of secondary school teachers in Mbarara District.  Quantitative data were collected from all the 626 teachers in the 64 secondary schools in Mbarara District, to facilitate testing of pertinent hypotheses. Pearson correlations showed that there is an association among the variables. This suggesting that there are significant relationships among self-efficacy, job satisfaction, commitment in Mbarara District. It was thus recommended that aspects of professional competence (self efficacy and job satisfaction) should be enhanced so as to improve job commitment among teachers. In addition, the working environment, remuneration and incentives given to teachers should be made better than what they are presently. 

References

[1]. Definitions.net. “Professional competence”. Internet: http://www.definitions.net/definition/professionalcompetence. 2016, [Oct. 27th, 2016]
[2]. Businessdictionary.com. “Work engagement”. Internet: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/employee-engagement.html, 2016 [Oct. 27th, 2016]
[3]. G.V. Caprara., C. Barbaranelli; P. Steca; & P. S. Malone. “Teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs as determinants of job satisfaction and students’ academic achievement: A study at the school level”. Journal of School Psychology, Vol. 44, pp. 473–490, 2006.
[4]. M. Tschannen-Moran &A. Woolfolk-Hoy. “The differential antecedents of self-efficacy beliefs of novice and experienced teachers”. Teaching and Teacher Education, Vol. 23, 944-956, 2007.
[5]. A. Spickard; S. G. Gabbe & J. F. Christensen. “Mid career burnout in generalist and specialist physicians”. Journal of the American Medical Association. Vol. 288, 1447-1450, 2002.
[6]. K.-A., Toh, B.-T., Riley, J. P., & Y. K. Hoh. “Meeting the highly qualified teachers challenge”. Educational Research for Policy and Practice, Vol. 5, 187–194, 2006.
[7]. H. M. G. Watt. & P. W. Richardson. “Motivations, perceptions, and aspirations concerning teaching as a career for different types of beginning teachers”. Learning and Instruction, Vol.18, 408–428, 2008.
[8]. I. A. Friedman & E. Kass. “Teacher self-efficacy: A classroom-organization conceptualization”. Teaching and Teacher Education, Vol. 18, 675–686, 2002.
[9]. E. T. Canrinus; M. Helms-Lorenz., D. Beijaard; J. Buitink & A. Hofman. “Self-efficacy, job satisfaction, motivation and commitment: Exploring the relationships between indicators of teachers’ professional identity”. European Journal of Psychology of Education, Vol. 27, 115–132, 2012
[10]. V. H. Vroom. Work and motivation. New York: Wiley, 1964, pp. 331
[11]. A. Wigfield & J. S. Eccles. “Expectancy-value theory of achievement motivation.” Contemporary Educational Psychology, Vol. 25, 68–81, 2000
[12]. R. M. Allinder. “The relationship between efficacy and the instructional practices of special education teachers and consultants”. Teacher Education and Special Education, Vol. 17, 86–95, 1994.
[13]. W. Y. Chan; S. Lau; Y. Nie; S. Lim & D. Hogan. “Organizational and personal predictors of teacher commitment: The mediating role of teacher efficacy and identification with school”. American Educational Research Journal, Vol. 45, 597–630, 2008.
[14]. I. Rots; A. Aelterman; P. Vlerick & K. Vermeulen. “Teacher education, graduates’ teaching commitment and entrance into the teaching profession”. Teaching and Teacher Education, Vol. 23, 543–556, 2007.
[15]. B. Aziri. “Job satisfaction: a literature review”. Management research and practice, Vol.3 (4) 77-86, 2011.
[16]. M. Armstrong. A Handbook of Human resource Management Practice, Tenth Edition, Kogan Page Publishing, London, 2006, pp. 264.
[17]. B. Aziri. Menaxhimi i burimeve njerëzore, Satisfaksioni nga puna dhe motivimi i punëtorëve, Tringa Design, Gostivar, 2008, pp. 46
[18]. M.J. Landsman. “Commitment in public child welfare” The Social Service Review, 75, 386–419, 2001.
[19]. R. M. Ingersoll & T. M. Smith. “Do teacher induction and mentoring matter?” NASSP Bulletin, 88, 28–40, 2004.
[20]. K. Lee; J. J. Carswell & N. J. Allen. “A meta-analytic review of occupational commitment: Relations with person- and work-related variables”. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 85, 799–811, 2000.
[21]. P. Reyes. Teachers and their workplace. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications Inc., 1990, pp.
[22]. R. E. Herman. Keeping good people: Strategies for solving the #1 problem facing business today. Winchester, VA: Oakhill Press, 1999, pp.
[23]. D. Maslic-Sersic. “An empirical test of Meyer and Allen’s three-component model of organizational commitment in a Croatian context”. Review of Psychology, Vol. 6, 17-24, 1999.
[24]. A. A. Chughtai & S. Zafar. “Antecedents and consequences of organizational commitment among Pakistani university teachers.” Applied Human Resources Management Research, Vol. 11, 39-64, 2006.
[25]. S. M. Culver., L. M. Wolfe & L. H. Cross. “Testing a model of teacher satisfaction for blacks and whites”. American Education Research Journal, Vol. 27, 323–349, 1990.
[26]. B. Fresko., D. Kfir & F. Nasser. “Predicting teacher commitment”. Teaching and Teacher Education, Vol. 13, 429–438, 1997.
[27]. A. Somech & R. Bogler. “Antecedents and consequences of teacher organizational and professional commitment”. Educational Administration Quarterly, Vol. 38, 555–577, 2002.
[28]. S. Gibson & M. H. Dembo. “Teacher efficacy: A construct validation”. Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 76, 569–582, 1984.
[29]. K. Viel-Ruma; D. Houchins; K. Jolivette & G. Benson. “Efficacy beliefs of special educators: The relationships among collective efficacy, teacher self-efficacy, and job satisfaction”. Teacher Education and Special Education, Vol. 33, 225–233, 2010.
[30]. J. Cook & T. D. Wall. “New work attitude measures of trust, organizational commitment and personal need non-fulfillment”. Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol. 53, 39-52, 1980.
[31]. F. K. Stage. “Self-Efficacy belief in academic setting”. Review of Educational Research, Vol. 66: 543-578, 1996.
[32]. A. Bandura. “Social cognitive theory of mass communication” in J. Pryant and M. Boher (Eds). Media effects advance in theory and research (2nd edition). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. , 94-124, 2009.
[33]. K. Moser. “Commitment in organisations”. Psychology, Vol. 41(4), 160-170, 1997.
[34]. N. Rawee. “A study of Organisational Commitment” Thailand Ashrae chapter Trane Thailand pp. 5-6. 2003.
[35]. I. Salifu & J. S. Agbenyega. “Viewing teacher motivation in the Ghana education service through a postcolonial lens”. Current Issues in Education, Vol. 16, 1-12, 2013.
[36]. P. Reyes. “The relationship of autonomy in decision making to commitment to schools and job satisfaction: A comparison between public school teachers and mid-level administrators”. Journal of Research and Development in Education, Vol. 22, 62–69, 1989.
[37]. T. Coladarci. “Teachers’ sense of efficacy and commitment to teaching”. Journal of Experimental Education, Vol. 60, 323–337, 1992.
[38]. C. Riehl & J. W. Sipple. “Making the most of time and talent: Secondary school organizational climates, teaching task environments and teacher commitment”. American Educational Research Journal, Vol. 33, 873–901, 1996.
[39]. P. Quinn. Teacher professionalization and teacher commitment: A multilevel analysis. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Education, 1997, pp. 15-18
[40]. M. C. John & W. T. Taylor. “Leadership style, school climate and the institutional commitment of teachers”. International Forum, Vol. 2, 25-57, 1999.
[41]. N. Ellemer; D. de Gilder & H. van den Heuvel. “Career-oriented versus team-oriented commitment and behaviour at work”. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 83, 717-730, 1998.
[42]. C. Glisson & M. Durick. “Predictors of job satisfaction and organizational commitment in human service organizations”. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 33, 61-81, 1998.
[43]. R. Goddard & M. Goddard. “Beginning teacher burnout in Queensland schools: Associations with serious intentions to leave”. The Australian Educational Researcher, Vol. 33, 61-75, 2006.
[44]. F. D. Betoret. “Stressors, self-efficacy, coping resources, and burnout among secondary school teachers in Spain”. Educational Psychology, (2003). Vol. 26, 519–539, 2006.
[45]. T. A. Judge., J. E. Bono., A. Erez & E. A. Locke. “Core self-evaluations and job and life satisfaction: The role of self-concordance and goal attainment”. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 90, 257–268, 2005.
[46]. R. M. Klassen., M. Bong., E. L. Usher., W. H. Chong., V. S. Huan., I. Y. Wong & T. Eorgiou. “Exploring the validity of the teachers’ self-efficacy scale in five countries”. Contemporary Educational Psychology, (2003). Vol. 34, 67–76, 2009.
[47]. E.M Skaalvik & S. Skaalvik. “Dimensions of teacher self-efficacy and relations with strain factors, perceived collective teacher efficacy, and teacher burnout”. Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol. 99, 611-625, 2007.
[48]. E.M. Skaalvik & S. Skaalvik. “Teacher self-efficacy and teacher burnout: A study of relations”. Teaching and Teacher Education, (2010). Vol. 26, 1059-1069, 2010.
[49]. R. Bogler & A. Somech. “Influence of teacher empowerment on teachers’ organizational commitment, professional commitment and organizational citizenship behavior in schools”. Teaching and Teacher Education, Vol. 20, 277–289, 2004.
[50]. H. Ebmeier. “How supervision influences teacher efficacy and commitment: An investigation of a path model”. Journal of Curriculum and Supervision, Vol.18, 110–114, 2003.
[51]. E. D. Evans & M. Tribble. “Perceived teaching problems, self-efficacy and commitment to teaching among pre-service teachers”. Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 80, 81–85, 1986.
[52]. A. O. Agho., C. W. Mueller & J. L. Price. (1993). “Determinants of employee satisfaction: An empirical test of a causal model”. Human Relations, Vol. 46, 1007-1027, 1993.
Published
2017-01-23
Section
Articles