Aesthetic Evaluation of Royal Palace in Yadanapon Period (Eastern Royal Zone)

  • Zwe Naing Htin Department of Architecture, Yangon Technological University, Yangon, 11031, Myanmar
  • Tin Tin Aye Department of Architecture, Yangon Technological University, Yangon, 11031, Myanmar
  • Maung Hlaing Department of Architecture, Yangon Technological University, Yangon, 11031, Myanmar
Keywords: Mandalay, Palace Architecture, functional relationship, spatial relationships, Myanmar Architecture, aesthetic evaluation.

Abstract

Mandalay is one of the old cities in Yadanapon Period (1858.AD-1885.AD), and the last devastating war had seriously destroyed the palace buildings and left with only the memories of the past grandeur of the seat of the two kings: reign Mindon and Thibaw. In Yadanapon Period, the Royal Architecture or Palace Architecture arouse the desire to visualize the glittering halls and spires that they stood on the platform in the center of the fort. It remains many architectural significant of Myanmar Architecture for our future generation. Therefore, the author traces back the style of Mandalay Old Palace at first, which is derived from which previous styles and then he studies on the layout, functional relationships and spatial relationships of Palace Buildings which are mainly taken into consideration. Then, the author analyzes the architectural aspects and design elements of Palace Buildings. The purpose of this paper is to conserve the ritual expression, architectural styles, and characteristics of Myanmar Architecture. Moreover, the author would like to figure out the aesthetic evaluation of Royal Architecture in Yadanapon Period with systematic analysis which is based on literature review, site studies, observations and his opinions.

References

[1] Chotima Chaturawong, The Architecture of Mon Buddhist Monasteries in Lower Burma, Dolina Millar, Thailand, 2011
[2] Francis D.K. Ching, Building Construction Illustrated, Van Nostrand Reinhold, the United States of America, 1991
[3] Jacques Dumarcay, The Palaces of South-east Asia Architecture and Customs, Oxford University Press, 1991
[4] Sylvia Fraser-Lu, Splendour in Wood, The Buddhist Monasteries of Burma, Orchid Press, Bangkok, 2001
[5] The Directorate of Archaeological Survey, “The Mandalay Palace”, The Rangoon University Press, Rangoon (Burma), 1963
[6] V.C.Scott.O’Connor, Mandalay and Other Cities of the Past in Burma, Hutchinson & Co.Paternoster Row, London, 1907
[7] Anonymous. No date, Parapike of Palace Map, Konbaung Period
[8] Anonymous. No date, Old Photo Records, Archaeology and National Museum Department, Mandalay
Published
2017-01-07
Section
Articles