Physico-chemical Analysis of Groundwater Around Mai-Bela, Asmara, Eritrea
Keywords:Groundwater, Physico-Chemical parameters, pollutants, toxic metals.
Groundwater quality studies were carried out inAsmaraaround Mai-Belaan area having a long history of waste water irrigation. The objective of this study is to identify the quality of groundwater where groundwater is used for domestic and agricultural purposes in Mai-Bela area. Samples from five locations were collected and analyzed. The present investigation is focused on the determination of Physico-Chemical parameters such as temperature, electrical conductivity, pH, hardness, total dissolved solids (TDS), alkalinity, salinity,sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, manganese, bicarbonate, chloride, sulphate, nitrate, nitrite, ammonia, chemical oxygen demand (COD)and toxic metal determinations. Groundwater suitability for domestic and irrigation purposes was compared with World Health Organization (WHO) and Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) standards. Most of the physico-chemical parameters were found above the permissible limit and so do the toxic metals except for COD, pH, temperature, Al, Cd, Cr, Cu and Zn which were found slightly lower than the standard limit which indicate the groundwater in most of the study sites were not suitable for drinking and irrigation purposes. This therefore, calls for appropriate treatment measures before the consumption of these waters by the populace to avoid long term accumulated health problems of these pollutants.
. S.S. Kolekar. “Physico-chemical analysis of ground water quality parameters – A Review.”Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(1),376-378,2017 (ISSN: 0974-2115)
. UNESCO.GroundwatercontaminationinventoryA Methodological Guide, International Hydrological Program(2002).
. Devendra Dohare, Shriram Deshpande and Atul Kotiya. (May, 2014). “Analysis of Ground Water Quality Parameters: A Review.”International Science Congress Association. [Online]. 3(5), 26-31. Available: www.isca.in [12/03/2018] (ISSN: 2278-9472)
. Alnos Easa and Ashraf Abou-Rayan. ‘’ DOMESTIC WASTEWATER EFFECT ON THE POLLUTION OF THE GROUNDWATER IN RURAL AREAS IN EGYPT’’, Fourteenth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC 14, Cairo, Egypt, 2010, 909-923.
. Leena Deshpande. “Water Quality Analysis Laboratory Methods, National Environmental Engineering Research Institute (NEERI),(2015)
. P. Thamilarasu and R. Sharmila. ( March | 2015). “PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF GROUNDWATER ANALYSIS IN NAMAKKAL DISTRICT OF TAMILNADU STATE.”Rasayan J. Chem.. [Online],8(1),92-97. Available: http] (ISSN: 0976-0083)
. Yousif Algamal.“Assessment and statistical study of physico-chemical properties of water quality in some local water treatment plants in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.”Advances in Applied Science Research, 6(7), 49-56, 2015. Available online at: www.pelagiaresearchlibrary.com (ISSN: 0976-0083)
. N. I. Onwughara, V. I. E. Ajiwe and H. O. Nnabuenyi, (2013). “Physicochemical Studies of Water from Selected Boreholes in Umuahia North Local Government Area, in Abia State, Nigeria.”International Journal of Pure & Applied Bioscience. [Online]. 1(3), 34-44. Available online at www.ijpab.com (ISSN: 2320 – 7051)
. Nikunj Ashiyani, Dr. Falguni Parekh, Dr. T.M.V. Suryanarayana, (Mar, 2015), “Analysis Of Physico-Chemical Properties of Groundwater.”International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology. [Online]. 4(3),1094-1098. Available: DOI: 10.15680/IJIRSET.2015.0403061 1094-1098 (ISSN(Online) : 2319 - 8753)
. EZERIBE, A. I., OSHIEKE, K. C. & JAURO, A.. (2012). “PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WELL WATER SAMPLES FROM SOME VILLAGES IN NIGERIA WITH CASES OF STAINED AND MOTTLE TEETH.”Science World Journal. [Online].7(1), 1-3. Available: www.scienceworldjournal.org[22/05/2018] (ISSN 1597-6343)
. K. Jacques Fatombi1, T. Angèle Ahoyo, Odilon Nonfodji, Taofiki Aminou. (Dec, 2012)“Physico-Chemical and Bacterial Characteristics of Groundwater and Surface Water Quality in the Lagbe Town: Treatment Essays with Moringa oleifera Seeds.”Journal of Water Resource and Protection. [Online], 4, 1001-1008. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jwarp.2012.412116
. World Health Organization. (2011a) Guidance for Drinking Water Quality. 4th ed. [online]. Available at http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2011/9789241548151_eng. [accessed 22 November 2011].
. SUNITA R. DANDWATE. (2012). “Study of Physicochemical Parameters of Groundwater Quality of Kopargaon Area, Maharastra State, India during Pre-monsoon and Post-monsoon Seasons.”E-Journal of Chemistry.[Online], 9(1), 15-20. Available: http://www.e-journals.net. (ISSN: 0973-4945)
. Environmental Protection Agency, Parameters of Water Quality, Interpretation and Standards,(2001).
. Srajan Shrivastava.“Water Quality Analysis of Water Bodies of Kantajhar Basti.” B.Sc. thesis,Department of Chemical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India, (2014)
. PRIYANKA TIWARI. (2017).“WATER QUALITY ASSESMENT FOR DRINKING AND IRRIGATION PURPOSE.”Indian J.Sci.Res.. [Online], 13 (2), 140-142. (ISSN: 2250-0138)
. Amr H. Mostafa, Raed S. Al-Wasify, Amr M. Sayed and Bakry M. Haroun. (2013). “Microbiological and Physicochemical Evaluation of Groundwater in Egypt.”International Journal of Environment and Sustainability. [Online]. 2(2), 1-10. Available: www.sciencetarget.com. (ISSN 1927-9566)
. Anjum Praveen, Rajesh Kumar, Pratima And Rajat Kumar. (Apr, 2013).“Physio- Chemical Properties of the Water of River Ganga at Kanpur”, International Journal of Computational Engineering Research. [Online], 3(4),134-137. Available: www.ijceronline.com [02/04/2018]
. Emhemmed Alhibshi, Khadija Albriky, and Abulnabi Bushita. “Concentration of Heavy Metals in underground water wells in Gharian district, Libya.” International Conference on Agricultural, Ecological and Medical Sciences (AEMS-2014), Bali, Indonesia, 2014. Available: http://dx.doi.org/10.15242/IICBE.C0214005
. Yang Guan, Chaofeng Shao and Meiting Ju. (2014). “Heavy Metal Contamination Assessment and Partition for Industrial and Mining Gathering Areas.”International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. [Online]. 11, 7286-7303. Available: doi:10.3390/ijerph110707286. [12/05/2018] (ISSN 1660-4601).
How to Cite
Authors who submit papers with this journal agree to the following terms.