A Review on Sustainability of Community-Led Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Systems with Special Reference to Berik Sub-Zone in Eritrea


  • Bipin Jha Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Narbikram Thapa Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Khet Raj Dahal Lumbini International Academy of Science and Technology, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • Michael Yoseph Water Resources Department, Ministry of Land, Water and Environment, Eritrea


Community led water supply and sanitation system, community participation, sustainability, water sanitation and hygiene, monitoring and evaluation at community level


This Assessment of the Sustainability of Community-Led Rural Water Supply and Sanitation System with special reference to Berik Sub-Zone in Eritrea was conducted between August 2018 and March 2019. Both published and unpublished literatures collected from various sources were critically reviewed and thoroughly analysed. After the literature review it was found that the participatory approach was the best method for sustainability of any water supply and sanitation project. Water supply projects is sustainable when consumers are aware to pay user fees that are sufficient to cover all the costs. In the study area, Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Committees have been formed with the participation of women, men and people with disabilities. There has been tariff collection of 0.5 Nakfa to 1 Nakfa per jerrycan of 20 litres, availability of trained technicians, spare parts and plumbing tools to conduct regular repair and maintenance of the water supply system. There is a practice of regular meeting, monitoring and proper accounting for the sustainability of the water supply and sanitation system. Also, community participation, linkages and coordination with the local and national government lead to sustainability of the water supply and sanitation scheme.


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How to Cite

Jha, B., Thapa, N. ., Raj Dahal, K. ., & Yoseph, M. . (2019). A Review on Sustainability of Community-Led Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Systems with Special Reference to Berik Sub-Zone in Eritrea. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 59(1), 27–41. Retrieved from https://www.asrjetsjournal.org/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/article/view/4987