Challenges of Inland Container Depots in Nigeria


  • Ibrahim Adeyemi Adejumo Fellow of PhD, City University, Cambodia


Inland container depots, inland terminals, intermodal transport, container handling, dry port


The concept of inland container depots (ICD) has been in existence for over 35 years to mitigate the major problem of port congestion in developed and developing countries due to the continuous increase in international business transactions through containers. As a result, most nations with Nigeria as a case study have faced serious challenges in implementing and operating inland container depots. This research summarizes the major challenges from literature review and findings from port stakeholders based on the current trend. A functional process framework and effective linkages from the ports to respective ICD with modern intermodal transport infrastructure are required for sustainable operation of ICD.


. Obeng, S. “Decongestion strategies implimented by Ghana port authority”. Ghana: Nkwame Nkuruma University; pp. 56. 2010.

. Tomislav Rožić, Kristijan Rogić, Ivona Bajor. “Research Trends of Inland Terminals: A Literature Review”; Promet – Traffic & Transportation, Vol 28, pp. 540, 2016.

. Lakinbofa G. “An Assessment of ICDs in Nigeria”, Internet:, Apr 23, 2018 [May 21, 2019].

. UNCTAD, “Handbook on the management and operations of dry ports”, Internet:, Jan 01, 1991 [Jun 28, 2019].

. Woxenius J, Sjöstedt L, Hellgren J, “Five Traffic Designs in Combined Transport Systems – A theoretical discussion”. Logistyka – Engineering Machines Problems; Vol 2, pp. 111-127. 1994.

. Frémont A, Franc P. “Hinterland transportation in Europe: Combined transport versus road transport”. Journal of Transport Geography. Vol 18, pp. 548-556. 2010.

. Van Klink HA, Van den Berg G. ”Gateways and intermodalism”. Journal of Transport Geography, Vol 6, pp 1-9. 1998.

. Van der Berg R, de Langen PW. “Hinterland strategies of port authorities: A case study of the port of Barcelona”. Research in Transportation Economics. Vol 33, pp. 6-14. 2011.

. Podevins O. “Sea Port system and the inland terminals network in the enlarged European Union. LINDI”. International Symposium on Logistics and Industrial Informatics. Wildau. Germany, 2007, pp. 151-155.

. Nigeria Shippers Council.Internet:, Feb 23, 2020 [May 21, 2019].

. Sarumi A. B. “Inland Container Depots as catalyst for trade facilitation”, International Workshop on ICDs in Nigeria, 2003, pp. 5-6, 8-10, 11-13.

. Ajayi A. (2003). “Inland Container Depots as catalyst for trade facilitation”, Intentional Workshop on ICDs in Nigeria, 2003, pp. 1-2.

. Adeyemi I. “Containerization: an aspect of shipping practice; Inland container Depots”. 2006, pp. 94-99. (Unpublished)

. Asika N. Research Methodology in the behavioral sciences. Lagos. Longman Nig. Plc, 2005, pp. 104-167.

. Osuagwu, L. Business Research Methodology: Principles & Practice, Lagos: Grey Resources Limited, 2008, pp. 34.




How to Cite

Adeyemi Adejumo, I. . (2020). Challenges of Inland Container Depots in Nigeria. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 73(1), 76–87. Retrieved from