Mango Production Knowledge and Technological Gaps of Smallholder Farmers in Amhara Region, Ethiopia


  • Yigzaw Dessalegn
  • Habtemariam Assefa
  • Teshome Derso
  • Mesfin Tefera


Amhara, LIVES, mango, knowledge, technology


Mango production is steadily expanding in Amhara region, Ethiopia. However, its productivity is below the national average. A survey conducted in four representative districts of Amhara region using 70 randomly selected mango growers in order to assess mango production knowledge and technological gaps of smallholder farmers. Data collected through individual interview using semi-structured questioner and field observation, and analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 15. Majority (91.4%) of the respondents had less than 21 year mango production experiences. Further, 54.3% of the respondents did not attend formal education. Only 1.4 % of the respondents can do mango grafting. Majority of the respondents did not apply inorganic fertilizer, did not spray pesticides and fungicides to control pests and diseases, and did not prune their mango trees. These depict mango production knowledge and skill gaps of smallholder farmers. There is no site specific recommendation on irrigation interval, fertilizer rate, spacing, pruning season, scion and rootstock varieties, and insect pest and disease control methods for mango production. About 66% of the mango trees of the respondents are developed from seedlings and need to be converted into improved varieties through top-working. These indicate the existing technological gaps for mango production in the study area. Therefore, farmers need to be trained and improved mango production technologies should have to be introduced in order to improve the quality and boost the productivity of mango in the study area.  


[1] H. Takele. (2014). “Review of mango value chain in Ethiopia.” Journal of biology, agriculture and health care, Vol. 4, pp. 230-239, 2014.
[2] CSA. “Agricultural sample survey report on area and production of major crops in 2013/14”. Statistical Bulletin 532, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2014.
[3] H. Seid and Y. Zeru. “Assessment of production potentials and constraints of mango (Mangifera indica L.) at Bati, Oromiya zone, Ethiopia.” International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, Vol. 11, pp. 1-9, 2013.
[4] F. Temesgen. “White mango scale, Aulacaspis tubercularis, distribution and severity status in East and West Wolega zone, Western Ethiopia.” Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, Vol. 3, pp. 1-10, 2014.
[5] A. Singh. “Fruit physiology and production.” New Delhi: Kalyani publishers, 1996, pp. 6-14.
[6] D. Mohammed, H. Belay, A. Lemma, F. Konjit, H. Seyoum & B. Teshome. “White mango scale: A new insect pest of mango in Western Ethiopia”. In Proc. of 3rd Biennial Conference of Ethiopian Horticulture Science Society, 2012, pp. 257-267.
[7] R. Joshi, M. Kundu and C.P. Singh. “Morphological characters: Efficient tool for identification on different mango cultivars”. Environment and Ecology, 31(1A), 385-388, 2012.
[8] R.J. Schnell, J.S. Brown, C.T. Olano, A.W. Meerow, R.J. Campbell and D.N. Kuhn. “Mango genetic diversity analysis and pedigree inferences for Florida cultivars using microsatellite markers.” Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Sciences, Vol. 131, pp. 214-224, 2006
[9] Y.T.N Reddy, R.M. Kurian, P.R. Ramachander, S.Gorakh, and R.R. Kohli. “Long term effects of rootstocks on growth and fruit yield patterns of `Alphonso’ mango (Mangifera indica L.).” Scientia Hort., Vol. 97, pp. 95-108, 2003.
[10] M.W. Smith, M.D. Hoult and J.D. Bright. “Rootstocks effects, yield efficiency and harvest rate of Kensington Pride `mango’.” HortScience, Vol. 38, pp.273-276, 2003.
[11] M.W. Smith, J.D. Bright, M.D. Hoult, R.A. Renfree and T. Maddem. “Field evaluation of 64 rootstocks for growth and yield of Kensington Pride `mango’.” Hortscience Vol. 43, pp.1720-1725, 2008.
[12] J. Griesbach. “Mango growing in Kenya”. ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya, pp. 122, 2003.
[13] C.F. Sousa, M.L.G. Cavalcanti, L.F.L. Vasconcelos, H.U. Sousa, V.Q. Ribeiro and J.A.L. Silva. “Tommy Atkins mango trees subjected to high density planting in subhumid tropical climate in north eastern Brazil.” Pasq. Agropec. Bras., Brasilia, Vol. 47, pp. 36-43, 2012.
[14] J. Fivaz, P.J.C. Stassen and H.G. Grove. “Pruning and training strategies for Tommy Atkins and Sensation mango trees in higher density hedgerow systems”. Yearbook, South African mango growers Association, Vol. 17, pp. 37-40, 1997.
[15] A.E.A Shaban. “Effect of pruning on growth, flowering and training of Hindi Bisinnara mango trees.” J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ, Vol.30, pp. 1541-1551, 2005.
[16] A. Melouk. “Effect of pruning severity on growth, yield and fruit quality of Succary abiad mango cultivar”. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 32(12), 10391-10401, 2007.
[17] A.E.A Shaban. “Effect of summer pruning and GA3 spraying on inducing flowering, and fruiting of Zebda mango trees.” World Journal of Agri. Sciences, Vol. 5, pp. 337-344, 2009.
[18] S. Ahmed, M.S. Jilani, A. Ghaffoor, K.Waseem and S. Rehman. “Effect of different levels of NPK fertilizers on the yield and quality of mango (Mangifera indica L.).” Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol.1, pp. 256-258, 2001.
[19] S.K. Satapathy and B.C. Banik. “Studies on nutritional requirement of mango Cv. Amrapali.” Orissa Journal of Horticulture, Vol. 30, pp.59-63, 2002.
[20] B.C. Sarker and M.A. Rahim. “Effects of doses and splits of fertilizer application on harvesting time, yield and quantity of mango Cv. Amrapali.” Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol. 37, pp. 279-293, 2012.
[21]M. Rahayu, B.N. Hidayah, Mujiono, B. Thistleton, S. Qureshi and I. Baker. “Effects of pruning and fertilizing on production and quality of mango cultivars Dedong Gincu in West Nusa Tenggara province, Indonesia,” presented at the 3rd international conference on chemical, biological and environmental sciences, Koala Lampur, Malaysia, 2013.
[22] S.R. Gandhi. “The mango in India.” Indian Council of Agri. Res., New Delhi, Farm bulletin 6, 1955.
[23] S.L. Bithell , Y. Diczbalis and C. Moore. “Review of mango irrigation research in the Northern Territory”. Technical Bulletin No 334, Northern Territory Government, Australia, 2010.




How to Cite

Dessalegn, Y., Assefa, H., Derso, T., & Tefera, M. (2015). Mango Production Knowledge and Technological Gaps of Smallholder Farmers in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. American Academic Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 10(1), 28–39. Retrieved from