Impact of Nutrition Education on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of School-Going Adolescents of Public and Private Schools Regarding Healthy Lifestyle
Keywords:Adolescent, Nutrition, Lifestyle, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Education
Background Nutrition plays an important role in the development of people and in the prevention of disease. Nutrition education is an essential element of health awareness.
Objective The study is aimed to assess the impact of nutrition education on the lifestyle of school-age adolescents and to compare the impact of nutrition education on the lifestyle of female adolescents among private and public schools.
Methodology A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 108 female adolescents by using a cluster sampling technique. 54 students of ages between 10-15 years old were selected from private school, and 54 students of ages between 10-15 years old were from government school. The study duration was 6 weeks. A self-constructed pre-test questionnaire was filled by the participants. Nutrition education was given to students in the time period of 4 weeks. Lectures and brochures were developed and delivered to the students. Quizzes were taken for the evaluation and a better understanding of the respective lecture. Visual display on different parameters of a healthy lifestyle was shown on a projector. Post-test questionnaires were filled 1 week after giving 11 lectures on a healthy lifestyle.
Results Results showed that there were significant associations between knowledge, attitude, and practices of government and private school (p=0.001), (p=0.005) and (p=0.001). There was a significant association (p=0.001) between pre and post knowledge, attitudes, and practices of school students. Conclusions: Lack of knowledge was the reason for inappropriate dietary habits and poor lifestyle among school-going female adolescents. Positive modifications regarding lifestyle activities had a significant association with nutrition education among school-going female adolescents.
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