Impact of Nutrition Education on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of School-Going Adolescents of Public and Private Schools Regarding Healthy Lifestyle

Authors

  • Rameen Bukhari University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Rimal Asif University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Iqra Ajmal butt University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • arooj baber University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • sumbal sabir University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Sana Farooq University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Arisha Yasin University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Fatima Binte Ahsan University Institute of Diet and Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan
  • Ahsan Sattar Sheikh Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology Then University of Lahore, Lahore 54000, Pakistan

Keywords:

Adolescent, Nutrition, Lifestyle, Knowledge, Attitude, Practices, Education

Abstract

Background Nutrition plays an important role in the development of people and in the prevention of disease. Nutrition education is an essential element of health awareness.

Objective The study is aimed to assess the impact of nutrition education on the lifestyle of school-age adolescents and to compare the impact of nutrition education on the lifestyle of female adolescents among private and public schools.

Methodology A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 108 female adolescents by using a cluster sampling technique. 54 students of ages between 10-15 years old were selected from private school, and 54 students of ages between 10-15 years old were from government school. The study duration was 6 weeks. A self-constructed pre-test questionnaire was filled by the participants. Nutrition education was given to students in the time period of 4 weeks. Lectures and brochures were developed and delivered to the students. Quizzes were taken for the evaluation and a better understanding of the respective lecture. Visual display on different parameters of a healthy lifestyle was shown on a projector. Post-test questionnaires were filled 1 week after giving 11 lectures on a healthy lifestyle.

Results Results showed that there were significant associations between knowledge, attitude, and practices of government and private school (p=0.001), (p=0.005) and (p=0.001). There was a significant association (p=0.001) between pre and post knowledge, attitudes, and practices of school students. Conclusions: Lack of knowledge was the reason for inappropriate dietary habits and poor lifestyle among school-going female adolescents. Positive modifications regarding lifestyle activities had a significant association with nutrition education among school-going female adolescents.

References

. Helen Anna Vidgen and Danielle Gallegos, Defining food literacy and its components Appetite. 2014;76(5): 50-59

. Ohlhorst, S. D., et al., Nutrition research to affect food and a healthy life span. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.2013; 98(2):620–625.

. Curtis and Alexa C., Defining adolescence. Journal of Adolescent and Family Health. 2015; 7(2):1-39.

. Saeed A, Javed A., et al., A Comparative Analysis of Nutrition Education Intervention on Food Choices of Public and Private Preschool Children in Lahore, Pakistan. Proceeding SZPGMI Vol. 2016;30(1):49-53.

. Spronk, I., Kullen, C., et al., Relationship between nutrition knowledge and dietary intake. British Journal of Nutrition.2014; 111(10):1713-1726.

. Rathod GB, Rathod S., at el., Study of knowledge, attitude and practice of general population of Waghodia towards Diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Current Research and Review. 2014;6(1):63.

. Omidvar S and Begum K. Dietary pattern, food habits and preferences among adolescent and adult student girls from an urban area, South India. Indian J Fundamental Applied Life Sci. 2014; 4(2):465-73.

. Xu H, Wen LM., et al., Associations of parental influences with physical activity and screen time among young children: a systematic review. Journal of obesity. 2015, 2015:23.

. Dongxu Wang and Donald Stewart, The implementation and effectiveness of school-based nutrition promotion programmes using a health-promoting schools approach,Public Health Nutrition. 2012;16(6): 1082–1100

. Siddique A. Implementation and Evaluation of a Computer-Based Nutrition Education Intervention in the Primary Schools of Lahore, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences. 2013;11(2):126-32

. Bano R, AlShammari E., et al., A comparative study of knowledge, attitude, practice of nutrition and non-nutrition student towards a balanced diet in Hail University. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science (IOSR-JNHS). 2013;2:29-36.

. Naghashpour M, Shakerinejad G., et al., Nutrition education based on health belief model improves dietary calcium intake among female students of junior high schools. Journal of health, population, and nutrition. 2014;32(3):420.

. Alizadeh Siuki H, Jadgal K., et al., Effects of health education based on health belief model on nutrition behaviors of primary school students in Torbat e Heydariyeh city in 2012. Journal of Health. 2015;5(4):289-99.

. Vardanjani AE, Reisi M., et al., The Effect of nutrition education on knowledge, attitude, and performance about junk food consumption among students of female primary schools. Journal of education and health promotion. 2015;4:53.

. Alissa EM, Alsawadi H., et al., Knowledge, attitude and practice of dietary and lifestyle habits among medical students in King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2015;4(6):650-5.

. NAVIED U, ISHTIAQ R., et al., ASSESSMENT AND PERCEPTION OF DIETARY HABITS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN LAHORE. Biomedica. 2017;33(3):197.

. Sevil J, García-González L., et al., Can high schools be an effective setting to promote healthy lifestyles? Effects of a multiple behavior change intervention in adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2019;64(4):478-86.

. Sadhu AR and Kotwal D. Knowledge–Attitude–Practice (KAP) study and nutrition education of athletic and non-athletic teenagers (13–18 years). InErgonomics in Caring for People 2018;73-82.

. Hassan MR, Ghazi HF., et al., Knowledge, attitude and practice of healthy eating and associated factors among university students in Selangor, Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2015;14(12):892.

. Salem GM and Said RM. Effect of Health Belief Model Based Nutrition Education on Dietary Habits of Secondary School Adolescent Girls in Sharkia Governorate. The Egyptian Journal of Community Medicine. 2018;36(3):35-47

. Kigaru DM, Loechl C., et al., Nutrition knowledge, attitude and practices among urban primary school children in Nairobi City, Kenya: a KAP study. BMC Nutrition. 2015;1(1):44.

. Jayita Pal1 and Arghya Kusum Pal, Knowledge, attitude and practice of personal hygiene and its predictors: A school-based study among adolescent girls in an urban slum. International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health. 2017; 6(9);1411-1416

. Mura G, Rocha NB., et al., Physical activity interventions in schools for improving lifestyle in European countries. Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health: CP & EMH. 2015;11(77).

. Jan S, Masoodi N., et al., Consumption pattern of healthy and non-healthy (junk) foods by obese and non-obese adolescent girls (13–18 years) belonging to Srinagar district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Advances in Applied Research. 2018;10(1):6-15.

. Ha EJ, Caine-Bish,N., et al., Evaluation of effectiveness of class-based nutrition intervention on changes in soft drink and milk consumption among young adults. Nutrition journal. 2009 Dec;8(1):50.

Downloads

Published

2022-01-14

How to Cite

Bukhari, R., Asif, R., butt, I. A. ., baber, arooj ., sabir, sumbal, Sana Farooq, Arisha Yasin, Binte Ahsan, F., & Sattar Sheikh , A. (2022). Impact of Nutrition Education on Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of School-Going Adolescents of Public and Private Schools Regarding Healthy Lifestyle. American Academic Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 85(1), 212–222. Retrieved from https://www.asrjetsjournal.org/index.php/American_Scientific_Journal/article/view/7265

Issue

Section

Articles