The Impact of Tobacco Smoking on Oral Health - An Ob-servational Study


  • Mimoza Canga Department of Nursing, Faculty of Public Health, University "Ismail Qemali",Vlora, 9401, Albania
  • Irene Malagnino Malagnino Associated Medical Clinic, Rome, 00144, Italy
  • Edit Xhajanka Department of Dental Prosthesis, University of Medicine Tirana, Nr. 183 Tirana, 1001, Albania
  • Ruzhdie Qafmolla Department of Dental Prosthesis, University of Medicine Tirana, Nr. 183 Tirana, 1001, Albania
  • Vito Antonio Malagnino Endodontic Chair, University "Gabriele D’Annunzio" Chieti, 66100, Italy


Cigarette smoking, dental caries, gingival status, lip inflammation, missing teeth, young adults


Cigarette smoking is a major cause of a high number of diseases including oral diseases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of smoking on oral health. This is an observational study. In the present research were taken into consideration 200 young adults with an age range of 18 to 25 years old, of which 58% were males and 42% were females. The study found a strong correlation between smoking and very bad gingival status (P= .001; 95% CI 0.42-0.53), missing teeth (P= .001; 95% CI 0.35-0.45), dental caries (P= .001; 95% CI 0.36-0.43), and inflammation of the lips (P= .001; 95% CI 0.33-0.57).


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How to Cite

Canga, M., Irene Malagnino, Edit Xhajanka, Ruzhdie Qafmolla, & Vito Antonio Malagnino. (2022). The Impact of Tobacco Smoking on Oral Health - An Ob-servational Study. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 90(1), 246–252. Retrieved from